We vacinate dogs against:
Distemper (includes Hardpad)
Leptospirosis (2 forms)
Distemper is a viral disease that can cause vomiting, lung infections, epithelial inflammation (particularly eyes and bladder), and nervous signs incluging fits.
Hepatitis is a disease caused by an adenovirus and can cause massive liver damage.
Parvovirus attacks the bowel and causes severe vomiting and diarrhoea, it can also suppress the immune system and may cause heart damage in younger dogs. Dogs which survive the initial illness are often left with ongoing digestive problems.
Parainfluenza virus can cause flu like symptoms and can cause chronic lung damage.
Leptospirosis is caused by a type of bacteria known as a spirochaete. There are 2 forms, one which can attack the kidneys and the other attacks the liver. The one attacking the liver is contracted from rat uringe and is a zoonotic disease (it can affect people as well as animals). In man it is known as Weils Disease or Rat Catchers Jaundice. It is difficult to maintain a good level of immunity and we feel that this disease alone is a strong argument for annual vaccination.
The above diseases are covered inthe standard vaccinations. There has been debate in the popular press over the years concerning the vaccination of animals, but the fact remains that revaccination cause very few problems, and these are minor compared to the symptoms which an unvaccinated animal suffers if they contract any of the diseases.
Kennel Cough is caused by a bacterium called Bordetella Bronchisepticum, this disease can cause a dry hacking cough and in severe cases bronchitis or even pneumonia. It is a disease which occurs in groups of dogs. Vaccination is usually carried out to match periods of risk (e.g. kennel visits) rather than given routinely. The vaccine is administered by spraying in the nose.
Rabies. We do not have Rabies in the UK at the moment and vaccination is not carried out routinely. However if you wish to take your pet abroad under the 'Pet Passport Scheme' Rabies vaccination is required. For more details about the 'Pet Passport' please contact the surgery.
Vaccine technology is advancing all the time and we periodically review our vaccination protocols in response to this. This may mean that a different brand of vaccine is used in subsequent years to one which is used for the primary course.